Prostatitis in most cases starts suddenly. If a man visits a doctor, then treatment can include both injections and tablet forms. But given the specifics of the pathology, often the first signs of inflammation are removed independently with the help of medicinal preparations. Only when none of them help, and in addition complications are added, the man goes to the doctor and has a full examination. After that, an individual treatment regimen is selected. Regardless of the stage and form of inflammation, it will include pills for prostatitis.
Medication is selected individually for each patient.
When they need medicine
We immediately note that the pills prescribed for prostatitis are used not only in the acute phase, but also in the chronic one. Of course, these will be other drugs with a completely different dosage. Even outside of an outbreak, it is important to maintain the work of the gland and to take prophylaxis with the same tablets of drugs.
The appearance of pain, violation of the outflow of urine, frequent urges and other deviations are an indication for the initiation of treatment. It is important to choose the most effective drugs and take them for at least the specified period.
Early discontinuation of treatment may lead to a reduction in the severity of symptoms and regression of the pathology. Then it will turn into a chronic form, which will be much more difficult to get rid of.
First aid preparations
First of all, antibiotics are used to treat men. These are mandatory pills for acute prostatitis, without which it will not be possible to eliminate the inflammation. They are appointed after receiving the results of the examinations. If the symptoms are severe and there is no time to wait for a sensitivity test, drugs with a broad spectrum of action can be used.
In most cases, the duration of antibiotic treatment does not exceed 10 days. But this is true for the acute period. In chronic inflammation, a course of 5-6 weeks may be required.
It can also be shown that there is no effect from taking drugs of this group. The reason for this may be viral prostatitis, mycosis, as well as an incorrectly selected drug that is not effective against the existing flora.
Mandatory in acute and recurrent form are alpha-blockers. It is these pills from prostatitis that contribute to the normalization of urination. They work by relieving spasm of smooth muscles. The duration of treatment for men depends on the severity of the specific symptom and the body's response to the drug used.
Pain relievers may be prescribed. They should be taken only if there is a severe pain syndrome. The fact is that drugs have many contraindications and side effects, and their reckless use can cause negative consequences. As a rule, painkillers for prostatitis are used only in the acute phase. In other cases, they try to relieve the pain with the help of anti-inflammatory and other drugs.
It is necessary to take painkillers in case of severe pain attacks.
Medicines of an additional group
All these drugs are mandatory when signs of prostatitis appear. But in addition to this, it is important to consider that the disease often occurs with sharp deviations from the psyche of men. In this regard, tablets with a sedative effect can be prescribed. The simplest are valerian preparations. They work gently and do not cause side effects.
When using sedatives, it is important to monitor the patient's condition and avoid side effects such as sleep disturbances, mood swings and depression. In some cases, with strong deviations from the psycho-emotional state, the help of a psychotherapist may be required.
During the treatment of men, hormonal drugs are prescribed. As a rule, their action is aimed at reducing the production of their own testosterone, since under the influence of this hormone, the growth rate of the gland tissues increases. The course of these tablets leads to the normalization of the hormonal background and the improvement of the condition of the reproductive organs.
Outside of the acute stage, as well as for prevention purposes, herbal preparations can be used. Today, a large number of herbal remedies are known in tablets and capsules. As a rule, they are prescribed in combination with other drugs to eliminate inflammation. But the difference is that you will have to take supplements for a long time, sometimes at least six months.
Vitamins and trace elements are essential. They are prescribed regardless of the stage of the disease. This allows you to reduce the duration of treatment and improve the general condition of men. It is important to emphasize that precisely because of vitamin and mineral complexes it is possible to strengthen the immune system and therefore reduce the risk of an outbreak.
Only a doctor can tell you which vitamins to take. It is important to remember that an overdose is much more difficult to eliminate than a deficiency and is fraught with dangerous consequences.
Features of the treatment of various forms of pathology
When choosing drugs, it is important to consider the following factors:
- the age of the patient;
- stage of pathology;
- form of inflammation;
- the cause of the disease;
- the presence or absence of complications.
- related diseases.
But of all the above, it is the form of the pathology that is most important. Based on this, pills for prostatitis are selected.
In the bacterial form, bacteria are the cause of the disease. Accordingly, antibiotics, anti-inflammatories and painkillers will be mandatory. They are selected only based on the results of the analyzes and the type of pathogen. In the chronic form, antibacterial agents can also be used to prevent flare-ups. They are prescribed at a lower dose.
When treating bacterial prostatitis, it is important to either switch medications or use non-resistant ones. In addition, an allergic reaction and other side effects occur more often in antibacterial drugs.
Treatment of men with a chronic form of inflammation should be long-term. It is important to eliminate the pathogen not only in the active form, but also in the inactive form. It is typical that a prolonged course occurs with a certain flora, for example, with chlamydia or mycoplasma. Such inflammation is eliminated only with long courses up to 1. 5-2 months.
Non-bacterial prostatitis is eliminated with completely different pills. There is no point in taking antibiotics even in high doses. The most commonly used alpha-blockers. It is important to normalize the outflow of urine and eliminate congestion.
In more rare cases, fungal flora is detected. Taking an antibiotic in such a situation can only worsen the patient's condition. Therefore, antifungal drugs, as well as immunomodulators, are used to treat men.
Features of cumulative prostatitis
Separately, it is necessary to mark such a form of prostatitis as accounting. The treatment of this form is fundamentally different from the others. In the initial stages of the pathology, tablets can be used to relieve pain, spasm and improve the outflow of secretions. Medicines to dilute the prostate juice will also be mandatory. Agents to absorb adhesions and scars, as well as to improve the nutrition of the gland cells, may be effective. In the final stages, an operation is prescribed, but before it, as well as after the intervention, tablets are used to relieve inflammation and accelerate the regeneration process.