What is prostatitis - this question worries many representatives of the stronger sex. People in the modern world have many temptations that lead to the development of pathology. A man should not ignore any symptom that indicates the presence of prostatitis. Men try to keep secret various pathologies in the reproductive system, although this is wrong. In modern medicine, prostatitis with timely and correct treatment stops quickly.
Etiology of the disease
In the male body there is a gland that is characteristic only for the stronger sex. This gland is called the prostate gland or prostate gland. The prostate gland is responsible for producing male hormones in the body. The gland is made up of soft tissues and has ducts. Through the ducts, various infections and pathogenic microorganisms can enter the prostate. Microbes cause an inflammatory process in the soft tissues of the gland. The prostate, under the influence of inflammation, begins to increase in size and exert pressure on the internal organs of the small pelvis. This whole process is called prostatitis.
What causes the disease?
The development of prostatitis in the human body is affected by many factors. Many reasons remain invisible to men. The disease begins to develop actively and cause discomfort, in some cases it can cause serious complications. The reasons for the formation of prostatitis are:
- non-infectious agents.
Various infectious agents affect the appearance of inflammation in the prostate. The main danger is represented by sexually transmitted infections. STDs do not respond well to medication and some are incurable. Prostatitis can also be caused by microorganisms that have entered the bloodstream from other pathogenic foci. The development of the disease can be affected by chronic diseases of the nasopharynx, gastrointestinal system and genitourinary system. Malicious germs can enter the prostate during surgery.
Other reasons doctors refer to non-infectious agents. Prostatitis can occur with an inactive lifestyle, malnutrition, reduced immunity. In people suffering from diabetes and hypertension, prostatitis is an accompanying disease. Various injuries to internal organs or soft tissues cause the development of pathology in a man's body. Alcohol abuse and smoking also affect inflammation in the gland. Obese men are at risk, as excess fat mass and displaced internal organs put pressure on the prostate.
Types of diseases
The disease has a different etiology. Due to the process of formation, prostatitis is divided into two large groups:
- Bacterial prostatitis.
- It is not a bacterial disease.
The bacterial form of the disease can appear unexpectedly, such a pathology is called an acute form. Acute bacterial prostatitis is the most dangerous type of disease. The pathology appears suddenly and is accompanied by a high body temperature. A man with this type of disease begins to have a fever, has severe pains in the lower abdomen, the process of urination becomes difficult. Bacterial prostatitis must be treated in a hospital. If you do not seek help from a specialist in time, a fatal result can occur.
Pathology caused by bacteria does not always progress abruptly. The most common form of prostatitis is chronic.
The first symptoms of the disease go unnoticed. The disease is detected during a static examination or during the delivery of the tests. This form is dangerous because the causes that caused the inflammation remain unknown. The bacterium can die during a prolonged stay in the body, and the inflammation remains and develops further. The chronic form of bacterial prostatitis is treated for a long time.
The non-bacterial form of pathology is divided into chronic and asymptomatic types. The chronic form is similar to the bacterial, but is caused by external factors. Non-bacterial prostatitis is affected by an unhealthy lifestyle, trauma to the pelvic organs, prolonged sitting and obesity. The non-bacterial form is treated much faster than all the others, since the inflammation is removed by monotherapy.
Asymptomatic prostatitis is a latent form of the disease that occurs without visible symptoms. The risk of such a pathology is the development of cancerous tumors and abscesses. This type of prostatitis can only be detected by ultrasound diagnosis of the pelvic organs. Therefore, men are advised to visit an ultrasound room at least once every 6 months.
Symptoms of the disease
Prostatitis can occur in men both at a young age and in adulthood. Most often, the disease occurs in people aged 30 and 40 years. With age, the percentage of patients increases. Prostatitis can be detected in the early stages by a careful attitude to your body. The appearance of the following signs indicates the presence of pathology:
- problems with urination;
- Cutting or pain in the lower abdomen.
- Pain when urinating or defecating.
- Frequent urge to go to the toilet (especially more often at night).
- The presence of any blood inclusions or impurities in the urine.
- erectile dysfunction?
- Pain during intercourse.
When collecting a souvenir, the patient complains of problems with urination. Urine may come out slowly or drip. In severe cases, fluid is involuntarily secreted. The patient has lower back pain that worsens with going to the toilet. A man becomes irritable, careless, depression may appear. Frequent night visits to the toilet cause nervous strain and prolonged stress. Sex life becomes inactive. Some patients lose their libido. A severe form of pathology causes impotence. Acute bacterial disease can lead to the development of sepsis. In this case, immediate medical attention is required.
The long course of the disease can cause problems with conception. The seminal fluid loses its density, the structure of the spermatozoa changes, in some cases their death is possible. In a laboratory study, the seminal fluid has a weak consistency, becomes lighter and more transparent. Treatment of infertility caused by prostatitis is very long and expensive.
Diagnosis of diseases
To make an accurate diagnosis, a man must be examined by a doctor and undergo tests. With prostatitis, the patient feels pain on palpation in the perineum. Internal palpation of the rectum shows the presence of swelling in the prostate gland, it becomes dense to the touch. The patient complains of problems with the genitourinary system. After collecting the history, the patient should pass a detailed blood test for the presence of excess protein, increased content of leukocytes and prostate antigen.
To rule out infection, the patient must pass a swab from the urethra. The laboratory will culture the identified bacteria and test their sensitivity to certain types of antibiotics.
For an accurate image, an ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs is performed. It clearly shows inflammation and swelling of the prostate. If the gland is strongly developed, then on the ultrasound you can see the presence of urine residues in the bladder.
After passing all tests and studies, the man will undergo a full diagnosis and treatment will be prescribed.
Treatment of prostate inflammation
The treatment of prostatitis is complex and includes several groups of drugs. For treatment, drugs such as:
- Reductase inhibitors?
- Analgesic drugs.
Antibiotics are the main treatment for prostatitis. To select an effective drug, the sensitivity of the microorganisms that caused the disease is determined. The drugs are selected from the groups of macrolides, cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used to stop the inflammatory process in the prostate gland. Substances are used in various forms. With prostatitis, NSAIDs are most often prescribed in the form of suppositories. The local effect of the drug quickly removes the swelling from the soft tissues of the gland.
Reductase inhibitors are used to treat urinary problems. Medicines help block the process of converting testosterone to dihydrosterone. Dihydrosterone affects prostate growth. After two days of taking the drug, the pressure at the base of the cyst is reduced and the outflow of fluid is restored. The treatment is great. The drug is taken throughout the therapeutic exposure.
Analgesics are prescribed for patients with acute and severe pain. The medicine is chosen by the doctor. It is not recommended to take pain relievers for more than 5 days.
Self-medication is not recommended. What is prostatitis and how to treat it should tell the doctor.