Prostatitis is an inflammatory disease of the prostate gland, which is not always bacterial in nature. An antibiotic treatment regimen for prostatitis can be useless, even harmful, if the nature of the disease is not accurately determined.
The first thing you need to start treatment with is a comprehensive examination by a specialist. A neglected acute pathology often becomes chronic. This can deprive a man of the opportunity to live a full sex life, to become a father. In addition, the symptoms of the disease bring not only physical suffering, but also permanent depression psychologically.
Effective treatment of prostatitis with antibiotics is not only possible, but necessary in case of bacterial damage. If the causes of inflammation are found in other factors, then the urologist will prescribe adequate treatment after a comprehensive examination.
Look for lifestyle causes of prostatitis
No sexually mature man is immune from inflammation of the prostate gland. According to statistics, only 5% of patients approach the urologist.
The main factors that cause inflammatory processes in the prostate can be:
- congestive processes (insufficient blood circulation) in the pelvic organs. This is a sedentary lifestyle, including work. Overweight. Lack of sex life in adulthood.
- bacteria (infection). These include STDs, poor hygiene, foci of chronic inflammation in the body (rotten teeth, tonsillitis, smoker's bronchitis).
- inflammation of the prostate after surgery or other mechanical intervention (for example, insertion of a catheter, trauma);
- Tuberculosis of the prostate is rarely diagnosed.
The prostate is located at the bottom of the bladder and surrounds the urethra (urinary canal). Normally, prostate tissue does not interfere with urination.
Insufficient blood circulation leads to oxygen starvation of prostate tissues, which inhibits its work and contributes to the activation of pathological processes. The prostate grows in size, "pinches" the urethra, which directly affects the urination process. It is the problems with the rapid emptying of the bladder that are the clarion call of problems in the prostate gland.
Caution! Current prostatitis is fraught with complications, such as inflammation of the urethra and seminal vesicles. Delaying treatment means condemning yourself to infertility or impotence.
An integrated approach to the treatment of prostatitis
In the treatment of prostatitis, it is impossible to limit yourself only to taking antibiotics. Don't be surprised when your doctor talks about the need to change your diet and exercise. You may need an additional consultation with an endocrinologist to check hormone levels, sugar levels and help with weight loss.
Physiotherapy is prescribed as an ambulance for blood circulation in the prostate. It could be:
- ultrasound sessions;
- low frequency laser;
- sludge treatment;
- enemas with medicinal solutions.
In complex application, these therapeutic measures contribute to the most effective treatment of the prostate. But the main result is that by changing himself and his lifestyle, the man gains confidence in his abilities.
Treatment of acute bacterial infection
Acute bacterial prostatitis is a serious infection that requires immediate hospitalization and adequate antibiotic therapy. Therapeutic measures begin with the appointment of the patient on bed rest.
If the condition is assessed as serious, antibiotics are prescribed before the tests. These are broad-spectrum penicillin drugs or tetracyclines.
Antibiotic treatment of bacterial prostatitis may begin with antibiotics that are actively distributed and accumulate in body fluids and tissues. Effective against most bacteria. From 4 to 12 hours they are stored in the organs in a therapeutic dose.
However, to treat the prostate, it is necessary to use drugs that would intentionally accumulate in the tissues of the prostate and genitourinary system. To determine the pathogen, bacteriological studies of prostate secretion are carried out. According to its results, the course of prostatitis treatment with antibiotics is adjusted.
As a rule, the culture from the prostate fluid shows that the infection was caused by:
- enterococci, E. coli - pathogens that are the usual "inhabitants" of the intestinal flora.
- staphylococci, streptococci - pathogens that often penetrate from the outside.
Urological practice shows the effectiveness of antibiotics of the latest generation fluoroquinolone group.
Treatment of bacterial prostatitis with antibiotics lasts at least one month. The usual course is 6-8 weeks.
When prescribing a course of treatment for prostatitis with antibiotics, the doctor is guided not only by the causative agent of the infection, but also by the patient's age, body condition, allergic, immune status. In some cases, aminoglycosides are effective.
Of the macrolides, the antibiotic of the erythromycin group showed the best effect in the treatment of acute prostatitis. Its use is justified in a hospital environment, since it is administered intravenously.
Dosage from 500 to 1000 mg per day according to the doctor's instructions.
Treatment of chronic prostatitis at home
The success of combating a chronic disease lies in the responsibility of the patient himself. Antibacterial treatment at home includes broad-spectrum antibiotics that can be taken in tablet form. Their affordable price is of great importance.
These are drugs of the penicillin group. It is necessary to take these drugs strictly following the dosage.
Against the inflammation caused by STDs, broad-spectrum drugs are used.
I remember! Antibacterial therapy is effective only if the full course of treatment is completed. Discontinuing it when symptoms disappear means you are driving the infection deeper.