Drug treatment of prostate inflammation is considered the most effective. It can start at any stage of the disease.
Drug therapy includes many drugs that treat prostatitis at home.
This includes tetracycline drugs, types of penicillin. Their purpose depends on the current form of the disease. The specialist also pays attention to the type of inflammation - relapse or exacerbation. The action of antibiotics is aimed at eliminating the infection. Use drugs in suppositories, ointments, tablets, injections.
NSAIDs (non-steroidal drugs)
The ingredients of these drugs are diclofenac and ketaprofen. It is used at the initial stage to relieve swelling, eliminate pain.
Preparations of this type relax the muscles of the urinary tract. They do not cure prostatitis, but eliminate the symptoms caused by the inflammatory process.
Medicines relieve pain. The muscles of the perineum after taking this type of medicine become smooth and relaxed. Also at home, urination normalizes.
Appointed to soothe muscle tissue, muscles. Experts recommend that men take analgin twice a day - in the morning and before bedtime.
Macronutrients and vitamins
In the treatment of prostatitis, the immune status is important. If the immune system is compromised, symptoms may be more severe. Vitamins and essential elements are important for the male body.
Zinc. It can be bought at a pharmacy. It is a natural immunomodulator. Mature men are almost always zinc deficient. A lack of this essential element can lead to urethral problems. Zinc is also found in food (red meat).
Vitamin A. With drug therapy, the doctor always prescribes vitamin A. It helps to restore the prostate, to normalize the synthesis of testosterone. It is found in pumpkin and eggs.
These drugs normalize the function of the urogenital system.
What else to take with prostatitis
Treatment of prostatitis is usually based on medication. They are effective, but in any case, the duration of treatment will be at least one month. Sometimes it takes about a year to treat prostatitis, as a neglected disease can go to third organs of the genitourinary system.
The doctor prescribes not only antispasmodics and broad-spectrum antibiotics. Antidepressants and hormone medications are also considered. The first ones are needed to support the men's nervous system, because when they hear the diagnosis of "prostatitis", they start to worry, complexes appear about their insolvency. It is better to eliminate the strong symptoms of prostatitis at home with the help of high-quality drugs, since the nervous system in men at this time is prone to psychoses and neuroses.
Hormonal drugs prescribed by a doctor correct the hormonal background in men. Prostate inflammation significantly "kills" the entire genitourinary system. Therefore, it is important to seek medical help in time and start treatment (take medication).
Drug treatment of an inflamed prostate must be comprehensive. Two or three drugs with different actions are prescribed. Each of them affects certain functions. After the first dose of the drug, it is already possible to notice a reduction in pain, burning in the perineum. A week later, the man notices that his night's sleep after the initial prostatitis treatment has become more restful.
Treatment is based on antibiotic therapy. Based on the man's complaints and his medical history, the urologist draws up a medication regimen that will make the man's life easier as quickly and gently as possible.
Any medicine for prostatitis can be treated at home. For some drugs, the doctor writes a prescription, the rest can be bought freely. Home treatment has a beneficial effect on the course of the disease. The main thing for men is to take the pills on time, follow all the doctor's recommendations.
Antibiotics for the treatment of chronic and acute prostatitis in men
Prostate inflammation is often caused by sexually transmitted infections. Consequently, drug therapy is based on the use of antibacterial agents. Basically, the patient is offered anti-inflammatory treatment, which will destroy the root cause of the prostate infection. The treatment of acute and chronic prostatitis is fundamentally different. Adaptive and competent treatment can only be prescribed by a qualified urologist who knows the patient's history.
What antibiotics are there for the treatment of prostatitis in men, what characterizes the course of the disease in chronic prostatitis, a list of effective drugs for prostatitis, you will learn in this article.
Antibiotics for prostatitis in men: the role of drugs
Most men believe that prostatitis is very difficult to treat, and drugs negatively affect the condition of the body as a whole. In part, this is true if the disease is not treated in time. Acute prostatitis can be treated for up to two weeks, chronic with untimely treatment 14-28 days.
The role of antibiotics in the treatment of inflammation of the prostate gland is huge. According to statistics, in 95% of cases prostatitis is caused by infection (virus, bacteria). It is the antibiotic that can destroy the pathogenic microflora. Basically, when diagnosing a disease, antibiotics of a narrow group are prescribed. If the doctor could not determine the root cause of the disease, then for starters, the patient is prescribed a broad-spectrum treatment.
The antibiotic helps inhibit the pathogens that caused the inflammation. It should be noted right away that such drugs really affect the functioning of the liver, kidneys and heart. That is why it is worth first to undergo a detailed examination of the body and then to prescribe treatment.
Along with antibacterial therapy, the doctor without fail prescribes a complex of vitamins for the better functioning of the gastrointestinal tract, liver and kidneys, since antibiotics have many side effects.
But with the right course, you can treat prostatitis without loss and not get new pathologies.
Antibiotic treatment of chronic prostatitis: how to start treatment
Of course, the course of treatment begins with the diagnosis. Why can't you self-medicate? The nature of prostate inflammation can be different. Infections are also different. Inflammation of the prostate can be caused by:
- Escherichia coli;
- Staphylococci, gonococci, chlamydia (venereal organisms)?
Upon diagnosis, the patient is asked to undergo a PCR test. It helps to determine which pathogenic microbe led to inflammation. And only after it is detected, a narrow-profile antibiotic treatment is prescribed, and in particular the drug to which the detected bacteria are most sensitive.
The urologist also prescribes a blood test, urine test, the patient must take a bakposev, etc. Only after a well-conducted diagnosis, antibacterial drugs are selected that locally affect the root cause of the causative agent of inflammation. Besides, today there are many drugs of the antibacterial group, which we will discuss later.
Treatment of prostatitis with antibiotics: how to cure
Antibiotics are the most effective means of combating prostatitis.
By taking this type of medication, the patient can feel relief the next day, because the drugs act quickly on the affected area, relieve swelling, reduce temperature and improve urination.
But do not forget some rules that should not be neglected in the treatment of diseases with antibiotics:
- You cannot interrupt the course of treatment. Orders must be kept until the last day. Many men, feeling better for 5-7 days, refuse to take pills. In this case, the patient is guaranteed to relapse.
- If the selected antibiotic does not relieve the condition on the third day, you should immediately contact your doctor to replace the drug with another. The advantage of antibiotics is that the effect of treatment is visible almost from the first days of taking the course.
- If the patient seeks a second course of treatment for prostatitis, then the previously prescribed antibiotic can no longer be used. It is therefore worth remembering the names of the medicines in order to provide the correct information.
The treatment of chronic prostatitis is not an easy task, because you have to choose the right antibiotic that will most strongly affect the desired pathogenic microorganism. We provide a list of drugs that contribute to the rapid recovery of the patient.
Preparations for the treatment of prostate adenoma and prostatitis
The most common urological diseases in men over 30 years of age are inflammation of the prostate gland and benign hyperplasia. The inflammatory process that captures the tissues of the gland is called prostatitis, and the hyperplasia, the growth of the tissues of the gland, is called an adenoma. Often, a patient can be diagnosed with both prostate adenoma and prostatitis. The prostate adenoma puts pressure on the urethra and the ejaculatory duct, causing inflammation to develop. In addition, the enlarged prostate compresses the rectum, due to which the patient faces difficulties in emptying the bowels and long-term constipation occurs.
Selection of drugs for the treatment of prostate adenoma and prostatitis
The urologist deals with diseases of the male reproductive system. The inflammatory process in the prostate gland is a serious and painful disorder that, without treatment, becomes chronic. Chronic prostatitis is more difficult to treat than acute prostatitis, so it is in the patient's best interest to consult a doctor immediately. Adenoma tends to increase with age, the tumor grows especially actively after 45-50 years. Adenoma and associated prostatitis cause:
- violation of the outflow of urine.
- frequent urge to urinate, even at night;
- urge to urinate, involuntary urination.
- pain during ejaculation;
- reduced power, impotence.
- urinary retention;
- feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.
- fecal retention;
- blood in the urine;
- smell of urine from the mouth;
- violation of defecation, constipation;
- Lack of appetite.
The severity of the symptoms depends on the size of the tumor and the intensity of the inflammatory process. If the inflammatory process begins to spread to the urinary system, cystitis (inflammation of the bladder) and pyelonephritis (inflammation of the kidneys) occur. This results in kidney failure. You should approach your health with all responsibility, because prostatitis and adenoma are accompanied by painful and unpleasant symptoms. For treatment, you can not use folk methods, only the help of a professional doctor will help you deal with these diseases without consequences. It is the attending physician who knows the entire medical history of a particular patient should choose the drugs. The dosage and duration of the course of administration are calculated separately.
An integrated approach to the treatment of prostatitis and adenoma
Benign prostatic hyperplasia and the accompanying inflammation are widespread in men over 40, therefore, for preventive purposes, it is recommended to be examined by a urologist once a year, and after 60 - once every six months. Thus, it is possible to notice the prostate adenoma in time and monitor its development in dynamics. Before prescribing drugs for the treatment of prostatitis and prostate adenoma, you must do:
- rectal ultrasound examination of the gland.
- analysis for prostate specific antigen (PSA).
The urologist also evaluates:
- volume of residual urine.
- urine flow rate.
The patient's complaints and general condition must be taken into account. Prostatitis with adenoma in most cases is not infectious, but is caused by stagnant processes in the prostate gland. Therefore, the sooner the growth of the adenoma stops, the sooner the prostatitis will pass. Treatment can be conservative or surgical. The final decision can only be made by a doctor who sees the entire clinical picture. An acute inflammatory process in the tissues of the prostate can cause a serious deterioration of the patient's condition, severe pain and loss of work capacity.
Conservative treatment consists in the simultaneous use of emergency and long-term drugs:
- rectal suppositories with analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect.
- 5-alpha reductase inhibitors.
- laxatives to facilitate bowel movements.
- diuretics to improve urine output and prevent cystitis and pyelonephritis.
- antispasmodics to relax smooth muscles.
- muscle relaxants to reduce pelvic floor muscle tension.
- microwashers with anti-inflammatory and analgesic drugs.
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in tablets or injections.
- non-narcotic or opiate pain relievers.
Each group of emergency drugs has many names, it is up to the doctor to choose the treatment. You cannot deal with prostatitis and prostate adenoma on your own, as these are serious and dangerous diseases. All drugs that act quickly, such as painkillers, do not affect the cause of the disease and do not contribute to the reduction of benign hyperplasia. Prostatitis can be eliminated only if it is possible to normalize the volume of the prostate gland. In severe cases, hospitalization and a catheter to drain urine may be required. With the rapid growth of the adenoma and progressive retention of urine, you must agree to surgical treatment. One of the dangerous complications of adenoma and prostatitis is difficulty in defecation. As a result of secondary absorption of urine and feces, the patient receives poisoning, normal metabolism is disturbed. Therefore, the priority areas of treatment are the normalization of defecation and urination, pain relief and removal of the inflammatory process.
How to eliminate adenoma and prostatitis?
The sooner the patient begins treatment, the faster and easier the progress in recovery will be. There are 2 groups of drugs for the treatment of prostatitis and prostate adenoma that have a long-term effect:
- 5-alpha reductase inhibitors.
These drugs have side effects and contraindications. Therefore, you must inform the urologist about all existing chronic diseases and other medications that the patient is taking.
The main task of treatment is to normalize urination. The outflow of urine is affected by the increase in size and increased tone of the smooth muscles of the prostate gland. Alpha-blockers make sympathetic nerve endings less sensitive to adrenaline and norepinephrine. In patients suffering from prostate adenoma, the activity of nerve fibers is increased, which causes spasm and tension of the smooth muscles surrounding the prostate.
The use of alpha-blockers allows you to achieve the following results:
- relaxation of the bladder neck.
- relaxation of the prostate muscles.
- reducing resistance to urine flow.
- free passage of urine through the prostatic urethra.
Alpha-blockers have a cumulative effect, it takes 2-4 weeks to relieve the patient's condition. In medicine, these drugs are also used to lower blood pressure, so side effects from taking them include:
- reduced performance, fatigue.
In total, there are more than 60 names in this group of drugs. The choice of a specific drug is carried out by the attending physician, taking into account the general state of the patient's health. Treatment is prescribed for a very long course, in some cases for life.
5-alpha reductase inhibitors
The second task of drug treatment of prostate adenoma and prostatitis is to stop the growth of the tumor. Prostate tissues increase with the participation of testosterone. 5-alpha reductase is an enzyme that chemically converts testosterone into another hormone, ditestosterone. Digistosterone has a stronger effect on androgen receptors in prostate tissues. An inhibitor is a substance that prevents a chemical reaction as a whole by binding one of the active enzymes. 5-alpha reductase inhibitors partially neutralize digistosterone, which leads to a decrease in the rate of adenoma growth. Long-term use of drugs gives the following results:
- the size of the adenoma stabilizes and then begins to change downwards.
- urine output is normalized.
- the inflammatory process in the prostate gland is eliminated.
To achieve a strong effect, it is necessary to use 5-alpha reductase inhibitors for at least 3-6 months. They are most often prescribed to patients with a prostate volume greater than 30-40 ml. Side effects that are possible from the reproductive system due to a lack of testosterone:
- reduced quality of erection.
- erectile dysfunction?
- ejaculation disorder;
- decrease in the volume of seminal fluid during ejaculation.
As clinical experience shows, all side effects either disappear or become less intense after the first year of using the drugs.
The urologist will help you choose the most suitable option for each patient. If side effects occur, you should discuss your well-being with your doctor so that you can adjust the dose or course of treatment. Patients with prostate adenoma and prostatitis have an increased risk of developing prostate cancer, so they should be treated early and visit a urologist every six months for a preventive examination.