Inflammation of the prostate creates a lot of discomfort for the patient, but the consequences of the disease are more dangerous - infertility, impotence, oncological neoplasms, further spread of the disease throughout the genitourinary system. Treatment of prostatitis in men is prescribed by a urologist, depending on the underlying cause of the disease.
Any organism is an individual and the choice of drugs is made according to the patient's general condition, laboratory data, the stage of disease progression.
Most options use:
- Instillations - the introduction of drugs through the urethral channel directly into the problem areas. It is carried out in the conditions of medical institutions, exclusively by health professionals.
- Injections - used to activate the vascular and autoimmune system. The advantage of the administration method is the rapid penetration of active substances into the affected areas.
- Microclysters - specialized preparations with minimal volume. Rarely used - not widely used.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs - suppress the existing inflammation process.
- Rectal suppositories - have an analgesic effect, improve metabolism.
- Tablet form - most often used antibacterial drugs, a wide range of effects. The narrowly targeted variant is used to accurately identify a pathogenic microorganism that has entered the body.
In the absence of a therapeutic effect, the patient is sent for additional examinations, including the determination of the resistance of pathogens to individual pharmacological drugs.
Commonly prescribed drugs
What to take with the prostate in men, the doctor decides.
|Type of drug||Impact spectrum|
|Antibacterial||Suppression of the causative agent|
|Painkillers||Removal of the pain syndrome|
|Alpha blockers||They relax the smooth muscles of the urethra, normalize urine excretion, relieve urinary retention, relieve discomfort.|
|Muscle relaxants and antispasmodics||They relieve spasms and pain in the pelvic area, reduce muscle tone, improve local blood circulation.|
|Improving blood circulation||Treatment of pelvic congestion|
|vitamins||Make up for nutrient deficiencies|
|food supplements||They help reduce the level of inflammation, relieve swelling, improve the outflow of normal fluids and relieve congestion.|
Before prescribing drugs, a man must undergo an examination to determine what caused the inflammation. It is important to carry out the treatment until complete recovery. In this way, relapses, complications, and the transition of prostatitis to a chronic form are avoided. Physicians have a complex impact on disease.
All medicines are taken after discharge from their specialist. Self-medication is fraught with a number of complications, the transition of acute forms of the disease to chronic ones and impaired functionality of body systems.
The modern pharmaceutical market offers many highly effective drugs for the treatment of this pathology, however, before starting treatment, you should always consult a qualified specialist.
They are prescribed to determine the infectious type of prostatitis.
Fluoroquinolones are among the most effective drugs, especially in the treatment of chronic bacterial prostatitis. With a positive result for Koch's bacillus (tuberculosis), these drugs are not used. Inflammation of tuberculous etiology requires the introduction of at least four antituberculosis drugs, the use of only one will cause resistance of pathogens to the active substance.
Fluoroquinolones are recommended for tuberculous prostatitis as a component of combination therapy. In the case of the appointment of this group of drugs, significant improvement in the course of treatment and relapse during withdrawal, additional control of the patient in a tuberculosis clinic is required.
A subgroup of tetracyclines is practically not used in the modern treatment of prostatitis, due to the many side effects that adversely affect the health of patients.
A subgroup of cephalosporins is intended for intramuscular injection.
Macrolides - are prescribed less often than other drugs, due to the lack of clinical confirmation of the appropriateness of their use in all forms of prostatitis. Experts prefer to prescribe them in the treatment of certain types of bacteria - mycoplasmas, chlamydia.
An important feature of the treatment of prostatitis is the need for accumulation of active components of the drugs in the tissues of the prostate gland.
The choice of an antibacterial agent is made according to this feature, and therefore doctors prefer fluoroquinolones, aminoglycosides, macrolides. With a therapeutic effect in acute forms of prostatitis, it is possible to prescribe two drugs at the same time to accelerate the suppression of the symptoms of the inflammatory process.
Painkillers are designed to suppress pain, especially in acute forms of the disease.
Without a full complex therapeutic effect, the use of painkillers can cause addiction in the body, in the future, the patient will need to increase the dose of drugs.
The attending physician deals with the selection of drugs, defines the duration of reception and the amount of drugs used. As a primary care, the patient is allowed to use simple types of analgesics, but the intake should be one dose.
This subtype of pharmacological drugs does not treat prostatitis, but relieves the symptomatic manifestations of the disease. When taken, the smooth muscles of the urethral canal, the vestibule of the bladder, relax. Relaxation of spasmodic muscles facilitates urination, reduces the level of pain.
The main spectrum of action of alpha-blockers is helpful in treating symptoms of acute and chronic urinary retention. The general course of treatment with this type of treatment is always long.
They are similar in principle to alpha-blockers, but affect the perineum. The increased tone of the perineum causes increased pressure on the pelvic areas, causing constant pain. Muscle relaxants stop the discomfort, relax the muscles affected by the spasm.
Restoration of blood flow
Any inflammatory processes cause local disturbances in the circulatory system, leading to the appearance of congestion, disrupting tissue regenerative functions. To stabilize the filling of the vessels with blood, various drugs are used, which over time correct the violations of the functionality of the blood flow.
They are made from natural substances, with the main ingredient being an extract, bovine prostate tissue. All drugs have a common mechanism of action:
- Reducing the degree of inflammation.
- Increase in the general tone of the walls of the bladder.
- Reduction of the possible occurrence of blood clots in the capillaries.
- Improvement of local circulation of blood, lymph.
- Decrease in prostate volume with development of hyperplasia.
Medicines are prescribed when:
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia (adenoma)?
- Chronic types of inflammation in the prostate.
- An acute form of prostatitis without an infectious basis is a non-specific developmental variant.
- For the preventive action of the recurrence of the disease.
The duration of the total treatment time, the choice of drug administration directly depend on the final diagnosis.
Frequently used tools
Many effective treatments are used to treat prostate problems. They improve the general condition of the body, relieve symptomatic manifestations, restore damaged prostate tissue. Medicines are prescribed exclusively by a specialist.
Medicines for the treatment of the prostate in men always gather the maximum number of responses. There are no absolute positives or negatives between them - everyone expresses a personal opinion on finding the ideal drug for themselves. Most patients do not believe in the miraculous effect of nutritional supplements, considering them to be widely advertised useless "pacifiers".
A good treatment for prostatitis is what the treating specialist took after diagnostic studies, study of the patient's outpatient card and the general impression of his general state of health. With prolonged, chronic forms of pathologies, biologically active additives alone cannot be cured. For this category of patients, this is no longer possible.
Blind faith in folk remedies, their immediate help, often leads to complications and transitions of prostate inflammation to adenoma or cancerous tumors. It is pointless to blame poor quality drugs after prolonged alternative treatment.
Failures in the first treatment attempts should not disappoint the sufferer - the necessary medication will surely be found and the disease will be cured.