Every person should know what kind of disease prostatitis is and what first symptoms it causes. Prostatitis is a common urological pathology in which inflammatory processes progress to the prostate gland. Basically, the disease is diagnosed in men over the age of 35-40. Predisposing factors that contribute to the onset of the disease are reduced immunity, inactive lifestyle, abuse of bad habits, unhealthy diet. The diagnosis and treatment of the pathology is made by a doctor called a urologist. You should sign up for a consultation if you are concerned about the typical symptoms. It is important for every man to remember that the earlier the disease is diagnosed and treatment is started, the greater the chances of complete recovery and recovery. Lack of timely treatment threatens with serious consequences, up to male infertility and prostate cancer.
The essence of pathology
Inflammation of the prostate gland is called prostatitis. The prostate is a male organ that produces secretions that maintain the normal activity of sperm. In most cases, the disease is contagious. Infection can occur through the urethra, blood or lymph flow, when the infection travels throughout the body from distant inflammatory foci. Microorganisms that can cause inflammatory complication:
- Klebsiella, et al.
All of these tiny organisms are conditionally pathogenic microflora, whose active life is suppressed by the human immune system. But once the immune system is weakened, under the influence of predisposing factors, the infection is activated, causing inflammation in the tissues of the gland.
Depending on the nature of the course, the following types of prostatitis can be distinguished:
The acid is characterized by severe symptoms, with timely treatment for medical help, it is successfully treated. The chronic type of pathology occurs as a result of insufficient or premature treatment of the acute form. The disease is characterized by a recurrent infection, which manifests itself with vague symptoms. Chronic prostatitis can not be completely cured, but properly selected treatment and preventive measures help prolong the remission.
The main causes of prostatitis are reduced immunity, urological and venereal infections that are not treated. Inflammation often occurs in the presence of a bacterial infection, which is latent when the immune system is functioning properly. But once the immune system is weakened, the pathogens are activated, causing inflammation of the prostate tissue.
What causes prostatitis:
- Hypothermia. Hypothermia causes stress in the body, promotes vasospasm, circulatory disorders and reduced immunity.
- Inactive lifestyle. With a sedentary lifestyle, the blood supply to the pelvic organs deteriorates, leading to stagnation and the development of inflammation in them.
- Chronic constipation. Hardened stools, which remain in the intestine for a long time, put pressure on the gland, disrupting the microcirculation. This creates favorable conditions for the life of the pathogenic microflora.
- Injuries. Traumatic damage to the prostate helps to worsen blood flow and reduce local immunity.
- Overweight. Overweight people move little, which is why blood circulation to the internal organs deteriorates. Stagnant procedures lead to swelling and inflammation of the prostate tissues.
- Violation of the rhythm of sexual activity. Prostatitis can cause both an overactive sex life and prolonged abstinence.
- The presence of chronic pathologies. Any outbreak of chronic infection can damage the prostate and can cause inflammation.
- Conditions that contribute to the suppression of the immune system. The general condition of the body is negatively affected by chronic stress, fatigue, regular lack of sleep, physical overload.
Types of prostatitis
The symptoms of prostatitis depend on the type and nature of its course. There are several types of disease, each with its own characteristics.
The main cause of the appearance is a bacterial infection that develops against the background of a weakened immune system. Bacterial prostatitis is:
In the acute course, severe prostatitis syndromes are disturbed:
- a sharp rise in temperature;
- violation of urination.
- pain, discomfort in the perineum.
- purulent, bloody inclusions in the urine.
- deterioration of general health.
Over time, the symptoms are vague and weakly manifested. But in case of recurrence, the symptoms look like an acute process in intensity.
This type of pathology is mainly diagnosed in men over 55 years old. An inflammatory complication develops in the context of the formation of stones in the prostate tissues. Most often, stones form as a result of improper treatment of chronic prostatitis. Another common underlying cause is urolithiasis without treatment.
Typical signs of calcified prostatitis:
- violation of urination.
- weakening of the erection.
It develops in the context of chronic prostatitis and is associated with a violation of the microcirculation in the pelvic organs. Also, a stagnant form can manifest itself with a prolonged absence of sexual intercourse, which leads to stagnation of secretions in the gland.
Typical symptoms of congestive prostatitis:
- problems with urination;
- discomfort in the groin and testicles.
- erectile dysfunction.
Purulent prostatitis develops in the context of an acute form of the disease, the treatment of which is incorrect or completely absent. The pathology is characterized by a significant increase in body temperature, urinary incontinence, the presence of purulent inclusion in the urine, acute pain in the groin and perineum. If treatment is not started immediately, there is a high chance of an abscess and blood poisoning, which can lead to the death of the patient.
The symptoms and treatment of prostatitis depend on the stage of its development:
- Catarrhal. At this stage, the patient complains of frequent urination, pain when going to the toilet, discomfort in the perineum during physical activity.
- Pericarp. The symptom of pain becomes more intense, worries even at rest, can be given in the lower abdomen, in the middle. The process of urination is disturbed, the fluid flows out in a thin stream, sometimes urinary retention occurs.
- Parenchymal. The neglected stage, in which the general intoxication of the body develops, the body temperature rises significantly, the unbearable pains in the perineum are disturbed, the problems with urination become more intense.
There are no pain receptors in the prostate, but the pain syndrome occurs due to enlargement of the gland in size and irritation of the nearby nerve fibers. The more neglected the disease, the more intense the pain a person worries. Pain syndrome can change in intensity with sexual abstinence or increased sexual activity. The discomfort spreads to the lower abdomen, the lumbar region, the perineum, the scrotum.
With inflammation, the prostate increases in size and begins to put pressure on the ureters, due to which their lumen gradually shrinks. The patient begins to worry about frequent urination and after visiting the toilet, there is a feeling of incomplete emptying of the bladder.
In the early stages of pathology development, a man may be disturbed by frequent erections or, conversely, by a lack of sexual arousal. Accelerated ejaculation is explained by the reduction of the sensitivity threshold of the arousal center. If you do not start treatment for prostatitis in the early stages, complications develop that lead to impotence and infertility.
If you have typical symptoms, you should consult a doctor. The diagnosis and treatment of prostatitis is made by a urologist. It is for him that a man should make an appointment for an initial date. During the examination, the doctor will ask about the annoying symptoms, complaints, make a recollection and perform a proper examination of the prostate. To confirm the diagnosis, the urologist will refer you for an additional diagnostic test, including the following procedures:
- clinical blood and urine analysis.
- PCR research;
- study of glandular secretion.
- Prostate ultrasound.
- Computed tomography or MRI.
The treatment regimen is determined taking into account the nature of the course and the degree of neglect of the pathology. If the patient's condition is serious, the doctor decides on hospitalization. Otherwise, the treatment is performed on an external basis. The patient is obliged to strictly follow the instructions of the urologist, to follow the treatment plan and not to self-medicate.
Antibiotics will help stop the inflammatory process and destroy the pathogenic microflora. If prostatitis is caused by viruses or fungi, the antibacterial treatment regimen is supplemented with appropriate groups of drugs.
The following groups of drugs are also prescribed to eliminate the pathological symptoms:
- non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
- muscle relaxants;
- alpha blockers;
- drugs that normalize prostate function.
If a man complains of power problems and sexual dysfunction, the doctor prescribes drugs that stimulate blood circulation in the penis and restore the erection.
The effect of medication will be enhanced by supportive measures, including the following rules:
- Consume the required amount of fluid - at least 1, 5 - 2 liters per day.
- Compliance with bed rest.
- Hot thermal baths.
- Adherence to a simple diet, in which salty, spicy, fatty foods, alcohol, coffee, sour drinks are excluded from the diet.
The patient's condition is favorably affected by regular sexual activity, which ensures prostate drainage and prevents the stagnation of secretions.
If conservative treatment does not bring the desired result, the doctor decides to perform surgery. In modern urology, the following surgical methods are used to treat prostatitis:
- Transurethral resection (TUR). During the operation, the surgeon removes all the affected gland tissue.
- Prostatectomy. It involves the removal of the prostate, adjacent tissues, seminal vesicles.
Surgery is not performed on young men, because any of the surgeries can cause infertility.
In addition to complex drug therapy, alternative medicine can be used. The treatment regimen should be agreed with the doctor. Self-medication is unacceptable.
To fight inflammation and annoying symptoms, medicinal herbs are used that are rich in useful substances, elements that have bactericidal and anti-inflammatory action. Based on medicinal herbs, infusions, tinctures, decoctions are prepared, which can be consumed orally, to make compresses and lotions, to add to the bath.
The following herbs are used to treat prostatitis:
- medicinal chamomile;
- sweet clover;
In chronic prostatitis, bee propolis is widely used, which is famous for its anti-inflammatory properties and analgesic effects. Adherents of alternative medicine are advised to make propolis suppositories, which are inserted into the rectum. The recipe is as follows:
- Grind 20 g of propolis powder.
- Combine the main ingredient with 200 ml of alcohol and evaporate over low heat.
- Add 2 g of cocoa butter to the resulting mass.
- Form a candle from the final composition.
- The agent is introduced into the rectum at night. The treatment is carried out as a course and lasts 1 month.
Lack of proper treatment or self-medication can lead to serious health problems. The spread of the infection leads to the development of such negative consequences as:
- colicolitis and urethritis.
- prostate sclerosis.
In the context of such complications, erectile and psychological disorders come together. In severe cases, the disease can progress to chronic calcareous prostatitis, causing abscesses and other life-threatening complications. Frequent relapses often lead to the development of male infertility, adenoma, and even prostate cancer.
Preventing prostatitis is much easier than fighting the disease and its consequences. Such simple and affordable preventative measures will help prevent prostate inflammation or prolong relapse in a chronic form:
- active lifestyle;
- control of proper nutrition and water.
- elimination of bad habits;
- elimination of stressors.
- observance of the basic elements of personal hygiene;
- normalization of body weight.
- timely and adequate treatment of infectious pathologies.
- regular, high quality, protected sex.
- annual preventive visits to the urologist.