What drugs are used to treat prostatitis in men

the doctor prescribes medicine for prostatitis

What is the best prostatitis medicine to take? Inflammation of the prostate gland is a rather complex disease that tends to become chronic. Therefore, for its treatment to be effective, combination therapy must include drugs, both new and time-tested, belonging to different pharmacological groups.

It is not common for this disease to be spread among men. But, nevertheless, the pathology requires immediate treatment. What drugs will be most effective for prostatitis today?

Causes of prostatitis

Inflammation of the prostate affects about 20% of men of reproductive age. In addition, some of them have a chronic form of the disease course. What causes the development of this pathology?

Prostatitis is caused by a variety of pathogens that affect the pelvic organs. These include:

  • violation of blood supply. Stagnation of venous blood in the prostate is often the cause of the inflammatory process. This phenomenon occurs with overweight, sedentary life, sedentary work. It also complicates the outflow of blood and lymph from the pelvic organs by changing the vascular tone due to smoking and alcohol consumption.
  • bacterial infection. The causative agent can enter the area of the male genitals both during unprotected sexual intercourse with an infected partner, and in the presence of chronic processes in the body caused by pathogenic microflora. In the latter case, the pathogen can enter the pelvic organs and prostate gland through the bloodstream, lymph, and along the nerve fibers.
  • frequent pelvic hypothermia;
  • physiological or pathological changes in the general hormonal background of the body.
  • irregular or, conversely, saturated sex life.
  • weakening of the immune system, causing the body to lose its ability to resist external or internal infection.

In order to restore the function of the prostate gland, it is necessary to eliminate or at least significantly weaken the effect of pathogens on the male body and to create the most favorable conditions for tissue regeneration. The leading role in the normalization of processes in the male pelvic organs belongs to drug therapy.

Caution.The treatment of prostatitis will be effective only if the choice of drugs in each case is based on the etiology of the disease.

Acute and chronic prostatitis - symptoms

The manifestations of the disease depend on the course of the disease. The acute appearance usually accompanies prostatitis of bacterial etiology. In this case, the patient has the following symptoms:

  • chills or fever;
  • increased fatigue;
  • there may be headaches and other signs of general intoxication.
  • pain in the groin area radiating to the lower back.
  • Frequent urination, accompanied by cutting pains and weakening of the current.
  • pain in the rectal area when emptying the bowel.
  • changes in the appearance of urine.

In the absence of timely treatment, as well as in case of non-fulfillment of all the doctor's recommendations, the disease can become chronic. The most common complaints with a prolonged course of the disease include severe pain in the perineal area, which covers the rectal ampulla and other organs next to the prostate. Men report difficulty urinating and a burning sensation that occurs when using the toilet.

The general symptoms of the chronic course of the disease include increased irritability, various sleep disorders.

In practical medicine, it has been found that in about 50% of cases, chronic pathology is prone to frequent exacerbations. At the same time, the seemingly cured prostatitis resembles itself with specific symptoms.

Great.The symptoms and treatment of the disease are closely related. For the treatment of prostatitis, drugs are selected not only depending on the form of the disease and the tendency for exacerbations of the pathology, but also on the severity of the symptoms.

Dosage forms

How to deal with a growing disease? To choose the right drugs to treat prostatitis, it is imperative to consider the pharmacological release form. With the wrong method of medication, even the most effective drugs can be ineffective.

For the treatment of inflammatory processes in the prostate gland, drugs of the following forms of release are used:

  • suppositories for rectal administration. These drugs are cheaper than other dosage forms, but are often more effective. This is due to the proximity of the prostate to the injection site. From the rectum, the active substances from the suppositories penetrate into the surrounding tissues through the mucous membrane rich in capillaries and faster than other forms and have a therapeutic effect on all adjacent organs. The effect of such a drug for prostatitis in men begins literally a few minutes after administration. A similar effect is achieved when used in the treatment of microclips. Rectal suppositories may have anti-inflammatory, analgesic or antibacterial effects.
  • tablets, drops and capsules. In this dosage form, agents are prescribed to relieve the inflammatory process, to relieve pain attacks. Also, for the rapid treatment of prostatitis, drops and tablets containing immunomodulatory substances are used. All of these dosage forms are also good for introducing substances with antibacterial activity into the body. But such drugs have an effect not only on inflammation of the prostate, but also on the whole body. Therefore, when treated with pills and other oral medications, the patient's liver and kidneys may be damaged. Which capsules, tablets or drops will best help against prostatitis, in any case, only the doctor has to decide.
  • injectable drugs. One of the most effective forms of drug administration to a diseased organ. Like tablets, they have an effect on the whole body.
  • drug for prostatitis in men can be injected directly into the urethra by instillation. With this method of treatment, the active ingredients are delivered directly to the prostate gland. This procedure can only be performed by the treating physician.

Great.The choice of dosage form of drugs for drug treatment is influenced by the general condition of the patient, the presence of concomitant diseases, the severity and the form of the inflammatory process. Self-prescribing drugs can be dangerous to your health.

Drugs used

The treatment of inflammatory processes in the prostate gland includes agents belonging to different pharmacological groups, each of which has its own specific effect, both on the diseased organ itself and on the whole body. The list of drugs used includes:

  • substances with antibacterial activity. These funds are used in cases where it is necessary to treat the pathology caused by the pathogenic microflora.
  • anti-inflammatory drugs. By relieving swelling and other manifestations of inflammation, as well as improving the blood supply to the prostate, drugs in this group help to quickly restore the structure and function of the prostate.
  • Decongestants included in complex treatment significantly improve the patient's quality of life until recovery.
  • Alpha inhibitors can improve urine flow and relieve urinary discomfort.
  • treatment is also supplemented by drugs that have an immunomodulatory effect.

For complex therapy, drugs for prostatitis should be selected taking into account their interaction with each other. It is also necessary to take into account the presence of side effects.

For reference.The best treatment for prostatitis in any case are substances that correspond to the etiology of the disease and the form of the pathology.

The rating of drugs used in the treatment of prostatitis identifies the following most popular groups of drugs.

Antibacterial agents

Effective treatment of prostatitis caused by pathogenic microorganisms is impossible without the appointment of antibiotics. For effective treatment of the disease, it is first necessary to perform a laboratory test of the smear to determine the type of pathogen and its resistance to various groups of antibacterial drugs. This will allow you to choose the best treatments for each specific patient. Sometimes, to save time, if it is necessary to start treatment without delay, the doctor prescribes broad-spectrum antibiotics.

Which antibacterial agent will be most effective in treating a particular man can only be determined after a bacteriological examination.

Anti-inflammatory drugs

For the relief of organ swelling and concomitant pain, drugs for the treatment of acute and chronic prostatitis in men are usually selected from the group of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. In addition to eliminating the symptoms of the inflammatory process, these drugs also help relieve tone from the smooth muscles of the prostate, as well as relax the perineal muscles.

In severe cases, your doctor may prescribe hormones to treat chronic prostatitis. This money will facilitate the excretion of urine, relieve inflammation and relieve pain.

Painkillers

Sometimes, due to the strong painful sensations in the pelvic organs and pelvic floor muscles, it is necessary to prescribe analgesics. For these purposes, spasm relievers are commonly used. Any antispasmodic drug that helps with the pain of prostatitis relaxes the striated skeletal muscles and the smooth muscles of the vessels and internal organs, which leads to a reduction in edema. As a result, the prostate stops compressing and painful seizures stop.

Antispasmodic analgesics do not require continuous administration. The use of such drugs should be done only in the presence of pain.

Alpha blockers

The inflammatory process of the prostate gland causes its tissues to swell, which causes compression of the prostate urethra. This leads to a violation of the outflow of urine from the bladder. The anti-inflammatory and anticonvulsant drugs taken, unfortunately, can not always restore urine output. And then the α-blockers come to the rescue.

Α-blockers should not be taken by patients with heart, kidney or liver disease, low blood pressure and slow heart rate.

The drugs in this group relax the smooth muscles of the prostate and the sphincter of the bladder, which allows you to fully restore the process of urination.

Additional funds

The most effective drugs can be ineffective if the body's defenses are weakened. Once the inflammatory process has already begun, conventional methods of strengthening, such as giving up bad habits, organizing proper nutrition, and adequate physical activity, may not be enough. The treatment must already be supplemented with special treatment. How to deal with the immune system so as not to damage it?

The body's defenses must be restored under the supervision of an immunologist. The doctor prescribes an immunological blood test and, based on the tests taken, selects individual immunomodulatory agents.

Preparations with natural ingredients are also popular. The active ingredients from the bovine testes will have the following effects:

  • relieve inflammation.
  • relieve pain syndrome.
  • restoring blood supply to the prostate.
  • accelerates tissue regeneration processes.
  • prevent the development of complications of prostatitis.

Men often try to get folk remedies for prostatitis on their own. But taking medicinal herbs, supplements and other alternative medicines should be coordinated with your doctor.